Lifting Ergonomic



In our daily lives, bending body forward is a common and easy movement to carry out activities.

  • It is also a very important movement to maintain the posture.
  • A study shows that most of the people carry things without using the correct muscles.
  • Erector Spinae and Biceps Femoris muscles are major muscles activated when performing trunk bending.
  • During trunk bending, the contact pressure was greatest on the trunk compare to other parts of body and this increases the risk of injury.




  • Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) include Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI) or Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs).
  • MSDs cause repetitive small tissue injuries to joints, muscles, tendons, and nerve structure over an extended period of time.



  • Lifting objects with poor posture is one of the leading reasons of back injuries.
  • Back strain can result from improper posture and repeated lifting.
  • Having a round back produces the lumbar spine at significant risk of injury.
  • Excessive weight, or heavy lifting, can lead to improper lifting techniques and overexertion.


Here are 3 posture for you to matain a good lifting ergonomic

1)Power Lift


  • Maintain curve in low back
  • Bend at hips goes back
  • Chest Up and Head Up
  • Use legs to lift
  • Keep objects close to your body

2)Half Kneeling

  • Come down with one knee
  • Bring the load close to your belly
  • Maintaining curve in low back
  • Perform necessary activity

3) Golfers Lift

  • Reach down and extend leg behind
  • Hinge at hip
  • Maintain curve in low back


  • Improved muscle function through endurance and strength.
  • Avoid adopting fixed positions and performing awkward movements.
  • The availability of lifting tools is also necessary.
  • If you believe your work exposure is hurting you, you should report Low Back Pain (LBP) as soon as possible and get medical guidance.
  • If you are looking for advice and treatment for your pain, feel free to make an appointment with our highly experienced Physiotherapist.


Chavez, C. (2005). Lifting safety and ergonomics. Radiologic Technology76(6), 469-473.

Huysamen, K., de Looze, M., Bosch, T., Ortiz, J., Toxiri, S., & O’Sullivan, L. W. (2018). Assessment of an active industrial exoskeleton to aid dynamic lifting and lowering manual handling tasks. Applied ergonomics68, 125-131.

Pope, M. H., Goh, K. L., & Magnusson, M. L. (2002). Spine ergonomics. Annual review of biomedical engineering4(1), 49-68.


Prepared By

Giselle Tang Wai Yeing


Your Physio Alam Damai Cheras

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